Norway Rats Spread Diseases to Humans in Pequannock, NJ; Need for Rodent Control & Destroying Rat Burrows
When winter approaches and the weather gets colder, rats will make their way inside for food and shelter. If Norway rats choose your home to spend the winter, you will need help. They carry and spread diseases such as bubonic plague and typhus. Their urine and droppings spread salmonella and leptospirosis that can lead to liver and kidney damage. They also carry lice and fleas. Norway rats were brought into North America unintentionally by settlers coming from Europe around 1775. Norway rats are large rodents that can weigh more than a pound and can be as long as 15 inches with tails measuring 8 inches alone. They have shaggy fur that is brown or gray in color with ears and tails covered in tiny scales.
Behavior, Habitat & Diet of Norway Rats
Norway rats are found living around people; in residences, cellars, warehouses, stores and sewers in urban or suburban areas. If they are able to find food, water and shelter they will make their homes almost anywhere by building nests under structures. They can climb but mostly like to inhabit lower areas. They will move into attics and ceiling areas if populations get high. They do prefer a balanced diet, opting for fresh healthy food instead of food that is old or contaminated but will eat almost anything. They like finding meats and fish, nuts, fruit and grains. Most of the food they find will contain all the water needs they have.
Signs of a Rodent Infestation
You probably won’t see them unless they are pushed out of their hiding spots due to space being limited or if they’re disturbed. If you see them during the day, then you may have a problem. You may see food and objects, utility lines or electrical wiring that has been gnawed on. If you happen to see oily marks along a surface it’s probably the path they’re taking. These are the marks from their tails dragging between their legs. If these marks are darker, it means more activity but the biggest indication of an infestation is the presence of their droppings. The droppings are capsule-shaped with blunt tips ¼ to ½ inches in length and are shiny black but will depend on their diet.
How to Get Norway Rats Out of Your House
Norway rats need three things, shelter, food and water. To reduce the chance of these rats getting into your home, you need to eliminate these. Food sources can be eliminated by making sure garbage cans are sealed tightly and emptied regularly. Pet food or bird seed needs to be sealed as well. These rats will eat pet feces so you’ll need to be on top of picking it up. Water sources can be eliminated by fixing leaks and sources of standing water. Overgrown areas of grass will need to be mowed and remove areas of wood as they will use these areas to hide. You need to walk around your home and look for areas that may be entry ways for them and seal them. Do not leave windows or doors open overnight when they are most active. Doing these things will make your home less desirable for them and will have them move on.
Norway Rat Control & Prevention
Do all you can to prevent these rodents from getting into your home. If you continue to have problems, contact Merlin’s Pest Control to do an inspection and devise a plan to get rid of rodents and other pests. We will locate rat burrows and entry points that rodents are using to gain access into your home and present a custom pest control plan to remove rodents and prevent them from coming back.