Droppings, Tracks, Gnaw Marks & Burrows; Signs of Norway Rats in Budd Lake, NJ & How to Get Rid of These Rodents
Norway rats are burrowing rodents that were brought into the country unintentionally by North American settlers from Europe in 1775 and can be found throughout the contiguous 48 states. They are covered with shaggy fur and are brown or reddish-gray in color. They can weigh more than a pound and can grow up to 16 inches long.
Norway Rat Habitat, Behavior & Diet
Norway rats have close relations with humans. They will live in urban, suburban areas and in and around residences. Outside you can find them in fields, farmlands and inside structures. They will burrow when making nests under buildings and other structures or under concrete slabs. Inside you will find them in the basement or piles of debris that have been sitting for long periods of time. Norway rats are nocturnal and will come into our homes in the fall when their food sources get scarce. They will gnaw through almost any material to gain entry or food, even plastic and lead pipes. Norway rats will eat just about anything they can find and will pick nutritionally balanced diets when they can, opting for fresh and wholesome rather than stale or contaminated. They will eat meats and fish, gains, nuts and some fruit and get most of their moisture needs from the food they eat.
Signs of a Norway Rat Infestation
Some signs of an infestation include the presence of droppings that are three times the size of mouse droppings. Gnaw marks, items that are damaged and greasy rub marks left behind by their oily fur. The tracks they leave behind are smooth and well packed and free of vegetation. Because they are nocturnal, you may not hear any activity and if you happen to see one during the day, you may be dealing with a heavy infestation. You may hear sounds like gnawing scratching and digging. Burrows may also be present.
Norway Rat Prevention
Piles of wood are an invitation for Norway rats so keep it stored away from your home and cleanup any piles of debris that they will use to nest. If you find any holes on the outside of your home, you’ll need to seal them all with caulk. All sources of moisture need to be taken care of as they need a constant supply to survive. Sanitation is the most important measure to prevent and control any rodent problem. Cleanup clutter like papers and cardboard used for nesting and keep your yard neat and free of weeds. Any pet food should be stored on tight fitting containers and not left out overnight. After methods to exclude them have been taken care of you will need baiting and trapping. Use trapping for indoors to eliminate carcasses within the walls of your home. Trapping will eliminate the rats without the use of harmful poisons. Baiting is helpful to use alongside trapping for larger infestations or outdoor populations. The rats will feed on it and eventually die. Once the bait is no longer being taken, it means there aren’t any more rats to feed on it.
The gnawing and feeding habits of Norway rats will lead to damage and they are also carriers of disease including jaundice, rat-bite fever, trichinosis, salmonellosis and the plaque. They are also able to bring fleas into your home and contaminate food. To remove them from your home, trust the professionals at Merlin’s Pest Control. Contact them today!